Sector Wise Studies

The supply and use of information and communication technologies play an increasingly important role in growth and competitiveness of the Indian economy. ICT has shown its potential as a driver of growth by influencing the traditional process of “capital deepening” (i.e. the increased intensity of physical capital per unit of labour). For India, ICT has been widely regarded as an instrument to “leapfrog” the nation into the forefront of the global knowledge economy. In this context research at Indicus is increasingly focusing on the policy, regulatory and competition issues for ICT.

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Public & Private ICT R&D Investments and their Impact on the ICT Innovation Systems in India

Sponsor: ICEG European Center Research and Limited Company

January 2011

The overall objective of the project was to provide a clear view, on the dynamics of ICT R&D in India, China and Taiwan, and on how the interrelation of ICT technological innovation, ICT sector business models, national conditions and international trends (such as globalisation, trade, comparative growth patterns, etc.) result in a global distribution of ICT R&D activity.
Through this Study studied the Economic Impact of Cloud Computing in India
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Software licensing and sale of software products in India

Sponsor: Microsoft Corporation India Private Limited

November 2010

Price and Usage Options in Software Available in India: A Simple case of Price Discriminations
The purpose of this project was to quantify the ICT sector & analyse both its sectoral composition & its evolution. The basis for this was the internationally-agreed upon definition by the OCED. Particular focus was placed on the key variables of value-added (GDP) & employment of the sector.
This particular study on Model IPR Regime for Music on FM lies in the domain of Law and Economics. The trade offs that have to be studied in developing a Model IPR requires balancing the interest of both the FM channels as well as the music industry.
Main objective of the project was to study competition status in mainframe and associated services in India. For the market structure analysis, the study focused explicitly on major verticals such as financial services, process manufacturing, retail trade, services (telecommunications), transportation (ports, airports etc.), utilities (electricity, gas and water), wholesale trade.
How was the online and mobile market fairing in terms of social networking in the context of search and online marketing forms the core content for this study. It identifies emerging trends internationally, and how India differs from them, and what issues will critically determine the evolution of this market in India.
The main objective of this paper was to discuss the various trade offs and incentive structures created by the various mechanisms of allocations of licences and frequencies in the telecom sector. International examples were also cited for the purpose of discussing the various mechanisms. In addition of the main objective, other objectives like a) What were the relative merits and demerits of these mechanisms from the economic and social perspective?; b) What was the impact of these mechanisms on the structure of the market? and c) What were the “best practices” of allocation that reconcile various objectives of promotion of competition and equity concerns through transparent mechanisms rather than distortionary prices?, were also enquired.
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COI program

Sponsor: Microsoft Corporation India Private Limited

October 2008

The objective of this project was to undertake various exercises to set the baseline and for rolling out of the revised PR campaigns. It involved appraisal of the earlier programs, conducted a baseline study and prepared a long frame for the program, profiling etc. In addition Indicus also provided on an ongoing basis the following- knowledge support, maintenance of the Tier 1 dataset, operating environment analysis for priority states, evaluation and process management etc.
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White paper-Financial Inclusion and Digital Payments

Sponsor: Internet & Mobile Association of India (IAMAI)

June 2008

This paper aimed at generating a consensus among policymakers on the characteristics of the emerging digital payments ecosystem in India. It seeks to broaden the concept of Financial Inclusion by including digital payments as an important component. It also showed how the key characteristics of digital payments ecosystem were such that they perfectly match the needs of the masses. Also the paper discussed various regulatory hurdles that can be critical in determining success or failure of a digital payments system.
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White paper on ICT for development

Sponsor: Microsoft Corporation India Private Limited

March 2008

This white paper critically examined the status of abovementioned initiatives, like the National e-governance Plan (NeGP) and the Community service centre (CSC), and discussed the various constraints faced and potential benefits that were to be realized. It also showed the way forward for both policy action and research questions. The study also assessed the creation of an ecosystem that ensures ICT applications’ development potential was realized to the highest possible extent. It also developed desirable regional ICT sector development strategies together with the analysis and recommendation for the prospective roles of the public and private sectors or ICT sector.
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White paper-Technology Neutrality – Choice and Competition

Sponsor: Microsoft Corporation India Private Limited

March 2008

The paper delineated the concept of technology neutrality, its importance and how it can be implemented and sustained in both policy and regulation. The study derived the right set of characteristics what policy and regulation should have. It also looked at the essentials of a technology policy that has the characteristics of enabling growth, equity efficiency and choice. The overall objective of the study was to suggest how to create an enabling environment, which would be truly open to different technologies and enable India to achieve twin goals of equity and growth in a sustained manner.
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White Paper on Location Based Services on Mobile for India

Sponsor: Internet & Mobile Association of India (IAMAI)

March 2008

This white paper examined the potential of cellular location based service to meet the objective of growth with equity in India. It involved assessing the relevance of mobile applications focused on location market in India, identification of specific applications/services that would be of importance and recommendations for way ahead to exploit the full potential of LBS in India
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White Paper on diffusion of broadband services in India

Sponsor: Internet & Mobile Association of India (IAMAI)

January 2008

Broadband was the capacity to transmit large quantities of data which includes (video, text and voice) at high transfer rates. Broadband was expected to radically increase the penetration of internet usage in India. However the broadband connectivity has not yet taken off the way expected. This study aimed at understanding the current state of the Broadband service in India, the present constraints that were restricting its growth, identifying learnings from other country experiences and suggest remedies to ensure better penetration.
This white paper aimed at generating a consensus among policymakers on the characteristics of the emerging digital payments ecosystem in India. It seeks to broaden the concept of Financial Inclusion by including digital payments as an important component. It also showed how the key characteristics of digital payments ecosystem were such that they perfectly match the needs of the masses. The paper discussed various regulatory hurdles that could be critical in determining the success or failure of a digital payments system.
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White Paper on Value Added Services on Mobile for India

Sponsor: Internet & Mobile Association of India (IAMAI)

November 2007

Convergence between telecom and diverse sectors such as finance and media have given rise to host of possibilities where integration of voice, video and data through a single instrument, the cell phone, can deliver information and entertainment to users. Increasingly value added services (VAS) are being looked at as a major driver in increasing revenues for the operators. Varied scope for raising revenue under this segment exists with its application in transport, medicine, agriculture and finance. This white paper examined in depth the key issues that currently limit the growth of VAS in India and puts forth recommendations for the way forward. The overall objective was to help in creating a dynamic VAS environment based in the Indian context that enables releasing of the large latent demand for VAS services for the benefit of all players.
While the benefits of electronic payments are numerous, the growth of electronic payments has special ramifications in developing countries where financial systems are often at elementary levels. This study looked after the growth and value of electronic payment in India and Pakistan.
While the benefits of electronic payments are numerous, the growth of electronic payments has special ramifications in developing countries where financial systems are often at elementary levels. This study looks after the growth and value of electronic payment in India and Pakistan.
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Internet Deployment of Central Database Management System

Sponsor: Reserve Bank of India (RBI)

August 2004

Dr. Laveesh Bhandari (Indicus Analytics) as a member of the expert group on Internet deployment of Central Data Base Management System (CDBMS) provided guidance to the RBI in placing its integrated repository of current and historical data in the public domain. The expert group strongly recommended the task of incorporating the detailed metadata, particularly conceptual underpinning and compilation methodology of different data series, be given high priority by RBI management and RBI should back it with adequate funds and staff.